This week on Prodibi Pixel Magazine, let's focus on Painting and more precisely on Claude Monet, founder of Impressionism art movement.

Impressionism is a 19th-century French art movement characterized by ordinary subject matter, realistic scenes of modern life, open composition, and visible brush strokes.

Let's discover the artist life and Full-resolution paintings and history

About the Artist

Oscar-Claude Monet is born on 14 November 1840. Like we said before, he was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting. The term "Impressionism" is derived from the title of his painting Impression, Soleil Levant (Impression, Sunrise), which was exhibited in 1874.

He was mentored by Eugene Boudin, who taught Monet oil painting techniques and how to paint outdoors. His first wife Camille Doncieux inspired him a lot and brought him his first successes with La Femme à la robe verte, 1866. She died at the age of 32 and gave him 2 sons. Even while on her deathbed, Monet took the opportunity to paint his wife.

Monet was helped by Alice Hoschedé to raise his 2 children. He married her when her husband died in 1892.

From 1883 Monet lived in Giverny, where he purchased a house and property and began a vast landscaping project which included lily ponds that would become the subjects of his best-known works. In 1899 he began painting the water lilies, first in vertical views with a Japanese bridge as a central feature, and later in the series of large-scale paintings that was to occupy him continuously for the next 20 years of his life.

Synthesis of his work

Monet was a nature lover, he was an excellent gardener by the way. He always pretends to paint directly on nature, mostly true because Monet did not paint by memory.

He spent a large time to fix and spread colors on his canvases directly in front of the scenes but he finished a great number of paintings on his atelier. For some series, like Venice or London, he even used Photography to finish the paintings.

Monet's ambition of documenting the French countryside led him to adopt a method of painting the effects of atmosphere, so Monet repeatedly painted the same subject in different lights, at different hours of the day, and through the changes of weather and season. That is why we have a lot of painting series in his work. This process began in the 1880s and continued until the end of his life in 1926.

Monet's particularity was also to think in terms of colors and shapes rather than scenes and objects. He used bright colors in dabs and dashes and squiggles of paint. Having rejected the academic teachings of Gleyre's studio, he freed himself from theory, saying "I like to paint as a bird sings."

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Which Museum?

If you want to see Claude Monet's painting, collections are presented in the biggest museum of the world: MoMA, National Gallery of Art (New York), Rijksmuseum (Amsterdam) and Musée d'Orsay (Paris)

House and garden of Monet in Giverny have been conserved and open to the public. The biggest public Claude Monet's collection is in Paris at the musée Marmottan-Monet.


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